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The KBA Advocate is the weekly KBA legislative newsletter that contains up-to-date information on legislation that impacts your practice. It is only published when the legislature is in session and is sent to all KBA members electronically via the KBA Weekly.


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Session Winding Down

Posted By Joseph N. Molina III, Tuesday, March 25, 2014
Updated: Tuesday, March 25, 2014

Week 10 was a rush as committees began wrapping up hearings for the year in anticipation of Second House Consideration deadline. This deadline is set for March 26th and any bills not passed out will be dead for the session. In addition, First Adjournment is literally right around the corner (April 4th) and both chambers will be busy on the floor passing bills approved by committees. With that in mind the Kansas Senate had a near record number of bills up for debate this week. More than 40 bills were heard, discussed and passed over the last ten working days. The big one was the phase of the mortgage registration fee. This fee, tacked on to people taking out mortgages to buy property, will cost local government tens of millions of dollars. The bill does allow for a small offset in higher recording fees but nothing that can really cover the lost.

Another big item was the first school finance bill which added $129 million of state general funds to equalize school funding. The kicker in this first attempt was the number of “strings” attached to the money, including enhanced charter school language and scholarships for private schools. The bill is an “all or nothing” approach by the House that is eerily similar to the bundled Judicial Branch Budget bill Senate Sub for HB 2338. This is not an entirely new concept (Fed link transportation funding to seat belts and drinking age) but this process is becoming ever more popular in Kansas.


However, this first attempt was met with serious push back. It became clear that the drafters of HB 2773 did not discuss the provisions in the bill with leadership. Speaker Merrick was unaware of the charter school language and ordered a new bill be drafted. The new, workable bill, is HB 2774.

On the KBA front, SB 311 was debated last week. SB 311 increases the noneconomic cap to $350,000 but allows collateral source evidence and federalizes expert witness rules. The KBA worked with like-minded partners to remove the two offending provisions. Our efforts were rewarded when the Kansas House voted 82-33 to remove the collateral source provision. The amendment to cut out the expert witness change was not approved. SB 311 passed on Monday 119-2. If the Senate fails to concur with the amended bill it will head to conference committee where supporters of the collateral source provision will try to insert it back into the bill. Rep. Kinzer carried the collateral source amendment with significant support from Rep. Kahrs. See;

See also

Quick Take:

Last week the Kansas Legislature added “handshaking” as a required course in high school to a curriculum bill.  The handshaking amendment was made as a joke to highlight the micromanaging of local school curriculum decisions.  Things got serious when the committee decided that some form of etiquette training was important and the amendment passed.

Also Rep. Virgil Peck (R-Tyro, KS) introduced a bill to increase legislator’s pay from $88 to $204. This new number is 80% of a teacher’s salary. The bill, minus daily per diem of $123, would work out to around $25,000.

The KBA got good news when both of its bills (HB 2398 dealing with LLC’s and HB 2444 dealing with spendthrift trusts) were passed out of the Senate Judiciary Committee. HB 2398 was even placed on the Senate Consent Calendar which means that after three days it will move automatically to Final Action.

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Judicial Budget Recommendations

Posted By Joseph N. Molina III, Tuesday, March 18, 2014

Kansas Senate Proposal

The Kansas Judicial Branch Budget was front and center this week. Senate Sub. for HB 2338 was read into the Kansas House on Monday. This substitute bill was put together by Sens. King and Masterson in the Senate Ways and Means Committee. Senate Sub. for HB 2338 contained the judicial branch budget bill proposed by Sen. King (see SB 313). However, it also contained two non-budgetary items that the KBA and the KDJA strongly opposed (see SB 364 and SB 365). The Kansas House received this substitute bill and promptly voted to nonconcur. This means that the substitute bill will go to a conference committee to be reviewed. The House appointed Reps. Rhoades, Kinzer, and Henry (D). The Senate appointed Sen. Masterson, Sen. King and Sen. Petty (D).


Senate Sub. for HB 2338 contained the following budget recommendations:

  1. Appropriate $2 million from the State General Fund (SGF) to offset the docket fee/surcharge fee shortfall;
  2. Require a $195 filing fee for summary judgment;
  3. Allow a $12.50 for garnishment requests;
  4. Increase petitions for expungements by $76;
  5. Increase KSA Chapter 60 cases by $19;
  6. Reduce small claims actions by $2; and;
  7. Create an electronic filing and centralized case management fund (E-COURTS).

It is anticipated the judicial branch will increase its revenue by nearly $10 million. The majority of revenue will come from the summary judgment fee. Sen. King estimates that the judicial branch will receive $6.2 million. The first $3.1 million would go to the e-courts fund with the remainder being used for court operations. An additional $2 million comes straight from SGF to fill the surcharge gap. The balance comes from the HB 2303, which is to be used to fund nonjudicial personnel market level raises.


The biggest concern with the substitute bill is the projected revenue from summary judgment fees is not reliable. The Office of Judicial Administration initially estimated the increase in revenue at $4 million. As stated above, Sen. King thinks it is closer to $6.2 million. This does not take into account the possibility that fewer summary judgments are filed and the potential cost of more trials.


Kansas House Proposal

The House General Government Budget and House Appropriations reviewed the judicial branch budget as well. Their proposals were very different than the Senate version. First, they did not agree to any of the proposals outlined in Senate Sub. for HB 2338. The consensus was the bundled bill was unacceptable because it avoided the bicameral legislative process. Both house budget committees stated that they would be interested in taking up Sen. King’s proposals individuals. House Appropriations scheduled an information hearing for on Monday, March 17 to go over the bills in Senate Sub. for HB 2338.


Rep. DeGraaf chairs the General Government Budget Committee and his committee made the following recommendations:




Begin with Governor's Rec.


Delete funding for longevity


Delete salary cap offset


Delete surcharge and docket fee shortfall


Delete funding for 80 positions


FY14 to FY15 savings


Add Judicial Center Remodel


Recommended FY15 Appropriation




The recommendation also indicated that research needs to be done to decrease duplication of library materials and resources between the Judicial Center, the State Library, Washburn Law Library, and Legislative Research.


The recommendation also requested the Appropriations Committee examine the provisions of HB 2338 (the Senate judicial omnibus bill) when the judicial budget recommendations are considered.


Finally, the recommendation deletes 13 vacant court reporter positions at the end of FY14. The judicial branch is instructed to abolish 18 full-time employee court reporters during FY15; and $180,000 ($10,000 per position) will be transferred to the technology fund to be used for grants to the district courts for the implementation of electronic recording. Rep. DeGraaf stated that the cost of an electronic recording system runs between $7,000 and $12,000. The remaining savings from the 18 positions will remain in the judicial branch budget.


Also interesting is statements made by Rep. Peck who agreed to an appropriation to renovate the Supreme Court. Rep. Peck implied that the judicial center remodel funds could be used as extra funds to avoid violating pay-go. Look for these funds to be redirected when the budget is worked on the House floor.


The Kansas Supreme Court has taken notice of the proposed changes and Chief Justice Lawton Nuss wrote a very pointed opinion letter. Chief Justice Nuss claims that there is a link between budget increases and court issues that diffuses the unified court system. See The Kansas City Star wrote an article outlining the tension between the Court and Legislature. See


The KBA had a hearing on SB 311 in House Commerce and Economic Development on Monday, March 17. The KBA has submitted testimony opposing the collateral source and Daubertprovisions.


The KBA also has hearings on HB 2444, dealing with spendthrift trusts, on Tuesday, March 18 and HB 2568, dealing with the domestic code recodification, on Wednesday, March 19. Both are set to be heard in the Senate Judiciary Committee.

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Posted By Joseph N. Molina III, Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Legislators returned to what was supposed to be a short uneventful week following turnaround. However, the Kansas Supreme Court decided to release the much-anticipated Gannon v. State of Kansas school finance case. The entire 110-page opinion can be found online at


The Supreme Court issued a unanimous opinion that had a bit of everything for everyone. The bullet point version found that the Court affirmed the lower court’s ruling that the state failed to meet its duty to provide equity in public education as required by the constitution. The Court determined that the state has created "unreasonable, wealth-based disparities” by failing to fund Capital Outlay and the Local Option Budget (LOB). The Supreme Court recommended that the lower court provide the legislature with the opportunity to address the inequities and request action by July 1, 2014. Those changes could come in the form of fully funding, partially funding, or making changes to the current statutes. To fully fund LOB and Capital Outlay the legislature would have to come up with roughly $139 million.


The really big issue dealing with suitability was remanded to the three-judge panel so they may apply the "Rose Standard” and return a finding based on that process. The Supreme Court found that a cost based focus was too narrow.


For more information on this issue and some local reactions, including the KBA response, please see the following:

The other really big news was the Kansas Senate passing the Judicial Branch Omnibus bill, Senate Sub. for HB 2338. This bill combines a number of judicial branch issues together and passed them out of the Senate in one afternoon. The procedural move was a little unorthodox as it combined appropriations and substantive amendments into one bill. This is usually an unconstitutional two subject problem but it was glossed over in the Senate. A number of House members were upset as this omnibus bill will bypass the normal appropriation committees in the House and head straight to the House floor for a vote to concur or nonconcur. How the House handles this omnibus bill remains to be seen but we can expect higher scrutiny of the judicial branch budget on the House side.


Next week we have a full slate in both chambers as First Adjournment is right around the corner. The KBA has a hearing on HB 2398 dealing with the Kansas LLC Act on Wednesday in the Senate. We continue to wait on the medical malpractice bill, SB 311 to be set for hearing in the House. It should be noted that SB 311 was referred to the Committee on Commerce, which has no sitting lawyers.

Tags:  Gannon  House of Representatives  Senate  Supreme Court 

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Halfway Home!

Posted By Joseph N. Molina III, Tuesday, March 4, 2014

At midnight tonight the Kansas legislature will be halfway to concluding its work for the 2014 session. Turnaround is a very big deadline that allows legislators and lobbyist to take a breath and evaluate the current state of the Capitol. Thus far, 2014 has seen some very controversial items make national news. It started with the proposal to criminalize surrogacy, moved on to attacks on sustainability bench marks, Common Core standards took significant heat, corporal punishment reared its head, and the proponents of religious freedom passed an anti-gay bill in the Kansas House. This last item has gone nationwide with several other states taking up the cause only to realize it was a publicity nightmare. Arizona, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, and Kansas all took turns trying to push the religious freedom bill. Arizona got the closest when Gov. Jan Brewer vetoed the legislation on Wednesday. However, this is an issue that has the public paying attention, which means it will be around probably until Gannon is released.


These controversial bills and their current status can be found below:

With so much of the airtime being eaten up with these controversial bills, not many actually realized the number of bills affecting the Kansas Judicial Branch. The majority came from the Senate and Sen. Jeff King (R-Independence). These judicial branch proposals ranged from funding issues, to ruling deadlines, to local control by chief judges, and to prohibitions against judicial branch lobbyist. The number of bills is only dwarfed by their variety.


For more information on these judicial branch bills please see the following:


HB 2303 – Non-judicial personnel 2 percent market level pay increase


This bill places an additional fee on DUI license reinstatements. This additional fee will be used to pay for interlock devices and for pay increases for nonjudicial personnel. This will bring them closer to private sector employee pay. Gov. Brownback signed this bill into law on February 3, 2014.


SB 313 – Docket fee increases


This bill increases the docket fee on certain chapter 60 cases by $12. It also imposes a new fee of $195 for motions for summary judgment. Part of these new fees will be used to complete the E-Court project and provide ongoing maintenance for e-courts. The remainder can be used to fund general judicial branch functions. It is estimated that this bill will generate $6.2 million and $3.1 million of this will be placed in a lock box for e-courts. The remainder would go to court operations.


SB 287 – Jurisdiction of Magistrate Judges

This bill would allow magistrate judges to hear more cases, including uncontested divorces and certain limited action cases when both parties consent. The bill also allows for magistrate jury trial to be appealed to the Kansas Court of Appeals instead of the district court. This bill passed the Senate 38-1.


SB 288 – Debts to the Court

This bill allows collection agents and attorneys to provide services to the court to collect on orders of restitution. The docket fee normally associated with these types of limited actions shall be waived in these instances. This bill passed the Senate 39-1.


Senate Sub for HB 2072 - Time limits for decisions by courts

This bill imposes time limits for district, Court of Appeals, and the Kansas Supreme Court. The time period to issue decisions runs from 120 to 180 days. If the decision is not entered within 190 days all counsel SHALL file a joint request to the court that the decision be issued without delay. If the court fails to issue a decision after the joint motion all parties shall ask for an intended date of decision. Senate Sub for HB 2070 was passed 32-7.


SB 364 – District chief judge authority to expend funds.


This bill allows the allocation of the budget for each judicial district to the chief judge of that district. Sen. King introduced this bill as a way to make more efficient use of judicial dollars. KDJA, KBA, and some county court employee groups opposed the bill as drafted and as amended by Sen. King.


SB 365 – Chief Judge of judicial district elected by district court judges.


Simply put this bill requires that district judges in each judicial district and the judges of the court of appeals elect their chief judge.


Four other bills aimed at the judicial branch failed to make the turnaround deadline. They include:

HB 2016 - Repealing K.S.A. 21-105; one judge per county


Rep. Lance Kinzer has appointed a subcommittee to study the one judge per county issue. The subcommittee has not provided a report of their discussions.


Finally, here are the remaining judicial branch bills. They include:

There were also a number of family law bills that were important to the KBA. They include the following:

The KBA opposed three family law bills. None of these bills made it past the deadline.

The KBA supported HB 2568, which was a continuation by the Kansas judicial council recodification of the domestic code. HB 2568 passed the House on Thursday, February 27.


The KBA introduced two bills this session. Both of them were given hearings and passed out of the Kansas House earlier this week. They include:


HB 2398 - Amending the Kansas Revised Limited Liability Act


The Kansas Bar Association Legislative Committee organized a subcommittee to revise the Kansas Revised Limited Liability Act (KRLLCA). The subcommittee, comprised of Bill Quick, Prof. Webb Hecker, Bill Matthews, Joe Jarvis, Joe McLean, and Ryan Kriegshauser, worked with the Kansas Secretary of State’s Office to determine which statutes dealt need to be updated to conform to the Delaware code. The subcommittee also identified specific statutes that required revision due to recent case law.


HB 2444 – Spendthrift Trusts


HB 2444 is a bill the KBA originally introduced in 2010. The bill was referred to the Judicial Council for further study and they introduced their version in 2011. Both bills died in committee. After reevaluating the issue the KBA Real Estate, probate and Trust Section recommended the original 2010 version be reintroduced.


The KBA opposed two other bills with mixed results. The KBA opposed SB 311 dealing with noneconomic damages and HB 2650 dealing with Benefit corporations.


SB 311 – Increasing the Cap on Non-Economic Damages


This bill increases the cap on non-economic damages to $350,000 by 2022. The tradeoff is the use of collateral source evidence and a shift to the federal expert witness standard. The KBA has policies opposing both of these changes. It is important to note that the KBA has no position on the cap on noneconomic damages. The KBA only opposed the collateral source issue and the Daubertissue.


HB 2650 – Benefit corporations


This bill was introduced by a national group called BLABS. The premise is to create a new business entity whose mission is to be good community neighbors while making a profit. This bill would allow corporations to avoid the business judgment rule when they act in an altruistic fashion rather than for pure profit. The KBA opposed this bill because we have a subcommittee that will revise the entire general corporation code. The subcommittee would like to review this issue and apply a Kansas specific answer. The subcommittee is comprised of Bill Quick, Bill Matthews, Joe Jarvis, Bob Alderson, Prof. Webb Hecker, Bill Wood, and Virginia Harper Ho.


HB 2721 - enacting the business entity standard treatment act


This bills was introduced by the Kansas Secretary of State’s Office as a way to unify all filing aspects of business entities in Kansas. The KBA is reviewing this bill. This bill failed to pass by the turnaround deadline but was "blessed” when it was referred to the Committee on Taxation, which is an exempt committee. This is a drastic overhaul which should be carefully studied.

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Both Chambers Fully Engaged

Posted By Joseph N. Molina III, Tuesday, February 25, 2014
With bill introductions left to exempt committees and hearings winding down, both chambers are working through a deluge of bills to avoid the drop-dead date of turnaround. All bills that fail to make it out by Friday, February 28 are dead. It is also important to note that this is an even numbered year so no bills will be "held over” to 2015. All bills that miss the cut off will need to be reintroduced next January.


There has been some hallway talk about a truncated session. Rep. Davis called for a 70-day session to avoid the many embarrassing bills that surfaced the past few weeks. This does not seem to be a viable option since Speaker Merrick has refocused on economics and has some serious work left to do. See


With the idea of a short session behind us there remain a number of big issues looming. Gannon comes to mind, but there is still no timetable for its release. The Capitol crowd gets a little antsier each passing week, and some are of the opinion we could be waiting till August. How this plays out remains to be seen.


Both of the KBA’s bills were debated on the House Floor this week. Rep. Bruchman carried HB 2398, concerning KS LLC Act, and Rep. Carmichael carried HB 2444, spend thrift trust. I am happy to report that both were passed on final action, 120-1 and 121-0, respectively. We will now work with the Senate to schedule hearings on both bills.


In addition, the KBA provided testimony is opposition to SB 364, allowing the chief judge more discretion in personnel matters. This bill was coupled with SB 365, allowing the district judges to elect the chief judge. Both bills may be worked in the coming days. The Kansas District Judges Association is opposed to both issues. You can find testimony at The Supreme Court is also a little concerned about SB 364 as described in this article from Topeka Capital-Journal. Chief Justice opposes bill to diffuse budget authority,


The KBA provided testimony to oppose HB 2650, benefit corporations. This bill was introduced by a national group called BLABS. The KBA has a subcommittee discussing a revision of the General Corporation Code. It would be preferable to weave this new concept into the revised code rather than have a standalone statute that may not fit. Testimony on HB 2650 will be online this coming week.

Quick Take

This past week was quite the tumultuous affair for some Kansas legislators. A number continue to feel the wrath of voting for HB 2453, the Religious Freedom Act, while one Kansas House Democrat caught significant heat for the spanking bill, HB 2699. Both of these bills helped Kansas make "The Daily Show with Jon Stewart."

Local newspapers also chimed in on both of these fiascos.

For spanking news:

It should also be noted that the morass of bills aimed at domestic relation issues have failed to move forward in the legislative process. The KBA testified against a number of these bills listed below, all of which should die by Friday. These bills are as follows:

  • SB 302, Rending surrogate parenting contracts unenforceable and creating an unclassified misdemeanor
  • HB 2450, Change in terminology; "best interests of the child" to "least detrimental alternative for the child
  • HB 2462, Domestic relations; child custody. residency and parenting plans; child support
  • HB 2558, Domestic relations; prohibition of case management process
  • HB 2604, Domestic relations, divorce, division of property, maintenance
Looking forward, the KBA supported HB 2568, which was introduced by the Kansas Judicial Council. Several years back the Judicial Council did a reorganization of all the domestic laws by combining three chapters into one. HB 2568 is a continuation of the project. The KBA supported the initial reorganization and all of the clean-up efforts introduced by the Family Law Advisory Council.


This last week before turnaround is going to be very busy with 30 to 40 bills working their way through the process. Those on the fence will look to exempt committees for a little "blessing” but the Speaker has indicated he will narrow his focus to keep the train on the tracks the remainder of the session. The Senate side could work less than 10 days after turnaround before adjourning. How those days are calculated is the big questions. Nevertheless, the Senate appears to be in a better position as it reaches the first significant deadline of the 2014 session.

Tags:  Daily Show  Gannon  House  Kansas Judicial Council  Senate  Supreme Court 

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Rush to Turnaround

Posted By Joseph N. Molina III, Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Last Friday marked the last day for introduction of bills into nonexempt committees. This means the majority of bills that had a chance at passing this session are already in a committee awaiting a hearing. How far they proceed will determine the glut of other bills ahead of them in priority for each committee. The committees have until Friday, February 28 to get bills of out their house of origin or they fall victim to turnaround and die. Since this is an outbound year, those bills failing to make this critical date will not be held over. So the move is on and committees are in full gear.


As stated above, the Kansas Legislature will reach its halfway point of the 2014 session on Saturday, March 1 with the passage of the House of Origin deadline, marking the date in which all non-exempt legislation must advance out of its house of introduction, or it is considered dead for the remainder of the session. However, several exempt committees will continue to work through legislative initials. These exempt committees include House Appropriations, Senate Ways and Means, House and Senate Federal and State Affairs, and House Taxation. The House and Senate Judiciary committees are not exempt committees and all legislation must be passed out prior to the deadline to be considered.


The KBA is on track to move both of their bills out of the House since HB 2398, dealing with the Kansas Limited Liability Company Act, and HB 2444, dealing with spendthrift trusts, were recommended favorably by the House Judiciary Committee. Reps. Rob Bruchman and John Carmichael are tapped to carry theses bills on the House floor later this week or next.


Sen. Jeff King’s bills, based off the Blue Ribbon Commission Report, also appear to be on track for passage. Each was approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee and is on the Senate Calendar for debate. These bills include:

*Special note SB 289 was changed to Sub. for HB 2070


In addition, SB 311 made its way out of the Senate Judiciary Committee. This was not unexpected but will require more effort to defeat on the House side. The KBA testified against SB 311, the non-economic cap bill. This bill increases the cap on non-economic damages but allows evidence of collateral source and changes expert witness testimony rules to follow the federal model.


The KBA testified against several bills over the last five days and they include: two apology bills in House Judiciary, one case management bill in Children and Seniors, and two Judicial Branch reorganization efforts in Senate Judiciary. These bills are as flows:

You can view the written testimony online at


Looking forward, the KBA will support HB 2568 introduced by the Kansas Judicial Council. Several years back the Judicial Council did a reorganization of all the domestic laws by combining three chapters into one. HB 2568 is a continuation of the project. The KBA supported the initial reorganization and all of the clean-up efforts introduced by the Family Law Advisory Council.

Also opposed was HB 2650, benefit corporations. The Kansas Corporate, Banking and Business Section was working on a revision of the entire corporation code. This revision will look at the need for benefit corporations. The Section met with the drafters of HB 2650, via conference call, this past summer to indicate our plan to update the corporation code.


The Section will also review HB 2721, enacting the business entity standard treatment act. This bill, introduced by the Kansas Secretary of State’s Office, attempts to harmonize the business filing regulation in Kansas.


Finally, there are several bills that should be brought to your attention. They include four family law bills, two elder law bills, and a bill dealing with competency.

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Snow days caused log jam

Posted By Joseph N. Molina III, Tuesday, February 11, 2014

Snow was the big story for the first week in February; the Capitol was closed last Tuesday and Wednesday, along with most of Kansas. This caused a backlog of some very interesting and important bills. The Senate and House Judiciary committees worked through the glut of bills with only a few being pushed!


Sen. Jeff King (R-Independence) ran four of his bills based off the Blue Ribbon Commission Report. However, the snow caused him to break them up and the last hearing on SB 289 didn’t take place until Friday morning. Support for these proposals was strong with the Kansas District Judges Association coming out in full force for the docket fee increase bill, SB 313. King had a budget staffer update the committee on the projected amount of money that SB 313 would raise. It is estimated that the new increases will generate between $4.5-$6 million. To hit this mark, filing fees will have to remain steady and the number of summary judgment motions (which is hard to track) will have to mirror the numbers in those counties that do keep track. The remaining bills that got hearings included:

For more insight, please see:

The KBA testified against SB 311, the non-economic cap bill. This bill increases the cap on non-economic damages but allows evidence of collateral source and changes expert witness testimony rules to follow the federal model.


The KBA also testified in support of HB 2444, a spendthrift trust bill. This bill allowed a creditor to reach assets in a trust in the trust did not set an ascertainable standard for distribution, such as health, education, or maintenance expenses.


Looking at upcoming bills, the KBA will be testifying against two apology bills in the House Judiciary. We have seen these bills in the past but this is a second or actually third bite at the apple. These bills are as follows:

The KBA will also be ready to testify on a bill out of the Kansas Judicial Council. Several years back the Judicial Council did a reorganization of all the domestic laws by combining three chapters into one. HB 2568 is a continuation of the project. The KBA supported the initial reorganization and all of the clean-up efforts introduced by the Family Law Advisory Council. Ron Nelson and the KBA Family Law Section has recommended continued support. The bill can be found here:


Finally, there are several bills that should be brought to your attention. They include four family law bills, two elder law bills, and a bill dealing with competency.

This does not include the conceptual bills introduced late this week. The first, HB 2583, which would prohibit state funds being used to hire a lobbyist for the Judicial Branch. The language does include funding going to district judges as well. However, I am not sure they could keep the KDJA out since they pay for their representation out of their own pocket. The other bill was conceptual in nature and it would eliminate "incompatibility” as a reason to seek a divorce. Rep. Keith Esau introduced this bill, although he stated that he did not write it. He would not divulge who drafted the language.


The next deadline is Friday, February 14, which closes the door on introduction of new bills. See

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Both Chambers in Full Swing

Posted By Joseph N. Molina III, Monday, February 3, 2014

Week three has been the busiest of the session thus far. The Senate Judiciary Committee heard a number of bills and worked most of the criminal bills that increased penalties. Chairman Jeff King stated that the committee will slow down a bit now that a lot of the issues overlapping from the Special Session have been discussed. This indicates that there is little likelihood that the death penalty repeal issue will be worked this session.


The House Judiciary Committee had an equally busy week. The House focused on trespass laws, interference with judicial process, and a very controversial bill dealing with the Fourth Amendment. The KBA had a hearing on HB 2398 dealing with amendments to the Kansas LLC Act. KU Law Professor Webb Hecker presented testimony for the KBA. The bill was well received and should be move forward in the legislative process. There is a strong chance that Rep. Lance Kinzer will introduce an amendment based on a recent Court of Appeals case. To view testimony on this bill, please visit


In addition, the KBA testified against a bill that would have removed the "best interest of the child” standard. This bill, HB 2450, would have created a new standard, "least detrimental alternative.” The KBA Family Law Committee recommended the KBA oppose the bill. The KBA received numerous comments regarding this bill. The KBA worked closely with the Wichita Bar Association, Wichita Family Law Committee, CASA, and several individual family lawyers. Also offering testimony was the Office of Judicial Administration, Department of Children and Families, and Judge Dan Cahill. To view testimony on this bill, please visit


The supporters of HB 2450 provided anecdotal evidence of poor enforcement of CINC and mandatory reporters. The committee would like to focus on that issue and leave the best interest of the family standard alone. The Committee on Children and Seniors took no action.


The KBA also monitored SB 302, which criminalizes surrogacy contracts. This bill was the most controversial of the week. The proponents believed that paid surrogacy contracts commercialized the process and turned birth mothers into factory farms. The Catholic Church also provided supporting testimony for SB 302. Opponents of this bill brought their children conceived through surrogacy or IVF to put a face to a cause. The most powerful statement and early front runner for quote of the year was made by an ob-gyn who stated that if passed SB 302 would have criminalized the birth of Jesus. The next morning the chair, Sen. Mary Pilcher-Cook (R-Shawnee), killed the bill.

Quick Take

Week three saw some very controversial issues. Besides the surrogacy bill, House Judiciary debated HB 2421, the Fourth Amendment Preservation and Protection Act. This bill, introduced by Rep. Brett Hildabrand (R- Shawnee), would have limited the tools law enforcement could use to investigate crime. The Kansas County and District Attorney Association opposed this bill. In addition, the House Federal and State Affairs Committee heard HB 2453, which protected religious freedom regarding marriage. The intent of the bill was to allow individuals with a strongly held religious belief the ability to refuse services to certain individuals. The Fed/State Committee also heard the HB 2473, which would prohibit cities and counties from regulation firearms. Rep. Jim Howell (R-Derby) introduced the bill that includes a provision restricting local governments from holding gun buyback programs if the weapon would be destroyed. The local government could resell the weapon or transfer to law enforcement but removing the gun from circulation was prohibited. See

There are a number of bills up for hearing next week that should be of interest to the Judicial Branch. They include:


SB 287

District magistrate judges; jurisdiction; cases on the record; appeals

SB 288

Relating to restitution or collection of debts owed to the court

SB 289

Time limits for decisions by courts

SB 290

Use of video conferencing for arraignment hearings in criminal cases

SB 313

Increasing various docket fees and creating new docket fees


These bills were introduced by Sen. Jeff King. King believes these bills will make the Judicial Branch more efficient.


The KBA will also testify against SB 311. This bill increases the cap on non-economic damages but allows evidence of collateral source and changes expert witness testimony rules to follow the federal model. The KBA opposes those two provisions. SB 311 is set for hearing at 10:30 a.m. on Thursday, February 6.


SB 311

Increasing the noneconomic damages cap; changing rules related to evidence of collateral source benefits and expert evidence


The bills of interest in the House include:


HB 2444

Spendthrift Trust

HB 2446

District courts; court trustee operations fund.


The KBA introduced HB 2444. HB 2444 is set for hearing at 3:30 p.m. on Thursday, February 6. Tim O’Sullivan will represent the KBA.


The KBA will also support HB 2446, which addresses an issue in the 2nd Judicial District. The 2nd Judicial District is comprised of Jefferson, Jackson, Wabaunsee, and Pottawatomie counties. The 2nd Judicial District closed their trustee office in 1997. This left a residual balance in the operating fund of approximately $36,000. HB 2446 would allow the chief judge to authorize expenditures from the fund. It is important to note that this bill would only give a chief judge authority to use those court trustee funds when the office of court trustees has ceased to exist.


The following were introduced last week. They can also be found each of the sections’ webpages.


SB 319

Protecting surface property owners' rights

SB 323

Amending the duration of a conservation easement

SB 324

Judicial branch supplemental appropriations for FV 2015, judicial operations

SB 329

Clarifying court orders relating to parents in juvenile offender cases

HB 2517

Relating to the prohibition on wage garnishment for assigned accounts

HB 2523

Expression of apology by health care provider not admissible as evidence in a malpractice case

HB 2528

Judicial branch supplemental appropriation for fiscal year 2015, judiciary operations


Finally, we can expect a number of bills concerning case managers to be discussed in the coming weeks as well as a new constitutional amendment to change how we pick Kansas Supreme Court justices. This bill was introduced by Rep. Scott Schwab in the House Tax Committee. When these bills are made public I will include them in items to discuss.

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State of the Judiciary Week

Posted By Joseph N. Molina III, Tuesday, January 28, 2014

Week two of the Kansas legislative session was an extra short week since the Capitol was closed on Monday to observe Martin Luther King Day. The week was shortened even further when the majority of legislators attended the funeral of Rep. Marvin Kleeb’s wife, who passed away after a long battle with cancer. Our condolences to Rep. Kleeb and his family. Nevertheless, it was still quite busy.

The focal point of the week was Chief Lawton Nuss’ State of the Judiciary address. If interested, the entire address is available at


The chief justice made his address from the Kansas Supreme Courtroom. It was quite the affair with a large number of legislators in attendance. Nuss focused the majority of his speech on the judicial budget. He thanked legislators for passing HB 2303 earlier in the day. HB 2303 allows the collection of a DUI license reinstatement fee that will be used to bring non-judicial personnel salaries up to market level. Even with this issue behind, the FY 2015 judicial budget looks bleak. The judicial branch still faces an $8.5 million shortfall beginning in July. Nuss mentioned the work of the Court Budget Advisory Council, which made several recommendations, one of which was a lengthy furlough and closing of courthouses. See


Overall the address appeared to be effective, but I am not sure how legislators will react to the underfunded issue having just approved a pay raise for court employees. It should also be noted that this good natured and well-received address will fade very quickly should the Supreme Court require additional funding in the Gannon case. For more insight, please see


When open, the Capitol was quite busy this week with a number of hearings and rallies going on. The biggest rally was the held on Wednesday, January 22when Kansans for Life marked the 41stanniversary of Roe v. Wade. This is of interest to the KBA because the head of the organization stated that their top priority was to change the judicial selection method; Kansans for Life support a Federal Model approach. The KBA was brought into this issue when they stated that the KBA controlled the selection process. For more information on this issue please see


This erroneous claim that the KBA is involved with, or controls, the merit selection process has been going around for some time. Gov. Sam Brownback made a similar statement when he signed HB 2019 into law last session. The KBA is making every effort to correct those who make these false claims as quickly as possible.


The KBA was allowed its first hearing of the session when HB 2398 was heard in House Judiciary Committee. HB 2398 is a two-year project that revised the entire Kansas Limited Liability Company Act (KRLLCA). Prof. Webb Hecker represented the KBA; and the hearing went quite well. The committee should take up this issue soon.


You should pay special attention next week to a number of bills aimed at the judicial branch. They include:


SB 287

District magistrate judges; jurisdiction; cases on the record; appeals

SB 288

Relating to restitution or collection of debts owed to the court

SB 289

Time limits for decisions by courts

SB 290

Use of video conferencing for arraignment hearings in criminal cases






 These bills were introduced by Sen. Jeff King, and he believes these will make the judicial branch more efficient. Hearings were tentatively set for next week but they were pulled off the calendar on Monday. The KBA will be tracking these issues on our website at


Finally, the KBA is currently monitoring the following bills:



Change in terminology; "best interests of the child" to "least detrimental alternative for the child"



HB 2462

Domestic relations; child custody. residency and parenting plans; child support



HB 2463

Creating civil liability for acts of terrorism; forfeiture of property related to violations of certain criminal act



HB 2466

Administrative rules and regulations; service of order or notice

Admin Law


HB 2477

Amending the crime of aggravated battery, concerning strangulation



HB 2478

Venue for crimes committed with an electronic device




The KBA plans on providing written remarks on HB 2450, which would remove the term "best interest of the child.” The KBA has heard from a number of groups and individuals who feel this is a very poor policy change. A hearing on this bill is scheduled at 1:30 p.m. on Thursday, January 30 in the Committee on Children and Seniors.


For a full listing of bills being monitored please follow our 2014 Bill tracking chart

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Session Starts with Death Penalty Hearing and State of the State

Posted By Joseph N. Molina III, Tuesday, January 21, 2014

As you are aware the Kansas Legislature returned this past Monday, January 13. Traditionally the first week is a rather uneventful week. The primary goal of legislators and committees is to acquaint themselves with chamber rules, committee assignments, and new staff members. However, this week Senate Judiciary Committee hit the ground running with a hearing on SB 126, the repeal of the death penalty. An interesting fact with this bill, if passed it would prohibit any future death penalty cases; those already on death row would not be affected.


The hearing was very well attended with more than 20 individuals testifying or providing written testimony. The proponents of repeal seem to have an uphill battle moving forward. Sen. Greg Smith made an impassioned plea on behalf of his murdered daughter Kelsey Smith to retain the death penalty in Kansas. The hearing on death penalty process and timing continued on Tuesday, January 21.


For more insight, please see


The other big news was Gov. Sam Brownback’s State of the State address. The take away from his address was a very pointed reference about the school finance case and what the Kansas Supreme Court should do. The governor stated:


One of the ironies, though, of our age is that government has become omnipresent, yet the people have never felt more distant from it. Too many decisions are made by unaccountable, opaque institutions. Elected officials are sometimes complicit in this transference of power, because it removes them from accountability. So let's be clear. On the number one item in the state budget – education – the Constitution empowers the Legislature – the people's representatives – to fund our schools. This is the people’s business, done by the people’s house through the wonderfully untidy – but open for all to see – business of appropriations. Let us resolve that our schools remain open and are not closed by the courts or anyone else.


This quote was the most discussed part of the governor’s speech. It was widely covered as a swipe at the Kansas Supreme Court. Below are a few articles covering the State of the State address.

Quick Take

Sen. Jay Emler (R-Lindsborg) was confirmed by the Kansas Senate on last week to a four-year term at the Kansas Corporation Commission. Emler is an attorney with significant experience in energy issues. The KBA congratulates Emler on his new position.

Next week looks to be very busy with Chief Justice Lawton Nuss giving the State of the Judiciary address at 12:30 p.m. on Wednesday, January 22. A live webcast of the address is available by following the Watch Supreme Court Live! link in the right-hand column of the Kansas Judicial Branch website.


The KBA will have its first hearing of the session when HB 2398, dealing with the Revised LLC Act, is heard at 3:30 p.m. on Thursday, January 23. KBA BOG member Bill Quick is on the team that revised the LLC Act and he will be attending the hearing.


Finally the KBA is currently monitoring the following bills:


SB 248

Victim notification prior to release of certain inmates



SB 250

Sentencing of certain persons to mandatory minimum term of imprisonment of 50 years ("hard 50")



SB 252

Special sentencing rule for attempt to commit capital murder



SB 256

Attorney general; costs in criminal appeals



SB 257

Appellate rules for death penalty cases and rules for motions attacking sentences



SB 258

Amending the juvenile statute of limitations to match adult time limitations for sex crimes



SB 261

Uniform trust code changes concerning an anti-lapse statute and creditor claims against settlors

Probate and Trust


SB 269

Rules of evidence; clarifying application of timely objection rule



SB 270

Criminal procedure; mental status defenses; notice and procedure



SB 271

Amending the Kansas Medicaid fraud control act



HB 2421

Enacting the fourth amendment preservation and protection act of 2014



HB 2423

Sentencing of certain sex offenders to mandatory minimum term of imprisonment of 50 years or imprisonment for life without parole ("Jessica's law")



HB 2433

Relating to the Kansas uniform securities act



HB 2444

Spendthrift Trust



HB 2450

Change in terminology; "best interests of the child" to "least detrimental alternative for the child"




These bills were introduced last week. This information can be found on each of the Sections’ webpages. For instance, you can find the criminal law proposals online at

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